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Tips for Beginners


Mulch! Mulching is perhaps the single most beneficial thing you can do for your garden.


Growing Plants from Seed

What to Grow


Compost is an important part of healthy gardens. In a compost heap, garden and kitchen waste is broken down and recycled by microorganisms into a fantastic garden fertiliser. If you would like to learn how to compost in your garden, have a look at this composting page.

When is Compost Ready to Use?

If compost is completely finished, it should have a fine crumbly texture. It should look a lot like garden soil (but darker because it's so jam packet with organic matter). You can use compost when it hasn't completely decomposed - especially if you're digging it into garden beds before planting things - but the nutrients will be more readily available to plants if the compost is fully decomposed. Also, if it's not fully decomposed and it contains a lot of carbon, it may temporarily remove nitrogen from the soil, causing a temporary nitrogen deficiency.

If you've never gardened before don't worry. The tips on this page will help you get off to a great start and you'll be growing beautiful and delicious plants in no time. More experienced gardeners may find some of the tips here useful too.

Garden Diary

Keep a garden diary. That way you'll soon know which plants do best in your area and in each particular area of your garden. You'll also be able to get on top of pests more easily and you'll be able to practice crop rotation and companion planting successfully.

Tips for Maintaining Healthy, Weed-Free Garden Beds

Never allow garden beds to remain empty for long. Whenever you remove plants, replace them with seedlings or sow seeds. This maintains soil structure, helps prevent weeds from moving in and creates continual interest. It also allows you to fit in or edibles or ornamentals and gives you more of an opportunity to rotate plantings with green manures. Always having plants growing in the soil also helps keep moisture in the soil and prevents nutrients from being leached from the top soil.

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