Types of Gardening
There are a number of types of gardening, or gardening philosophies that you may chose to follow if you wish.
Organic gardeners only add organically derived compounds to their gardens. This means that they don't use seeds that have been treated with any chemicals, nor seeds from genetically modified plants (GMOs). All fertilisers that they apply to their gardens are organically derived. Examples are blood and bone, seaweed teas and liquid fertilisers, worm tea, compost and rock dust. Synthetic pesticides and herbicides have no place in an organic garden. Many organic gardeners don't use any pesticides at all but if they do use pesticides they use things like diatomaceous earth, home made garlic and pyrethrum sprays and home made traps. Some organic products are available commercially but they must be certified organic products as some products, such as many commercial pyrethrum sprays, may appear to be organic on face value but may actually contain synthetic additives.
Permaculture can be thought of as an extension of organic gardening. Those who garden using permaculture, follow organic principles but do a little more too. They plant in zones according to how much attention plants need. They try to ensure that all elements of a garden perform at least 3 tasks. They also typically integrate animals such as chickens into their gardens.
Biodynamic gardening is another extension of organic gardening. Biodynamic gardeners use special preparations such as horn manure and horn silica to aid their gardens. They also garden according to the moon, sun and stars.
Those who practice moon gardening determine when to do garden tasks, such as planting, transplanting, pruning and fertilising, according to the phases of the moon. They do so in a similar way to biodynamic gardeners but don't use the special biodynamic preparations. Moon gardening can be practiced regardless of whether organic gardening is also practiced. Moon gardening is based on the principle that the moon's gravitational pull affects the flow of moisture in the soil and in plants and that this affects the way plants grow.